Cybersecurity is one of the main topics in the past years, a trend that grows every year more and more. It is mostly due the higher percent of online threats and attacks (like ransomware, phishing and botnets) that are happening on a global level. What’s more interesting is that currently, hackers and criminal organizations are focusing more on hacking smaller companies instead of the giants like Google or Facebook (but they are not excluded). It is because smaller companies usually don’t invest in protection of their data and are not aware of the Internet threats.
What are the most common Internet threats?
One of the most common online threats is phishing. Phishing is when hacker tries to lure you into opening some link from either an email, or a chat message for example, that does not lead to the website that should, but instead it could lead you to a malicious website that can install a malware on your PC or phone, which can be used for stealing or deleting your data.
Another of the most common online threats is a ransomware, a malware that once it’s installed on your PC, it encrypts (locks) your data and prompt you with a message that you need to pay a ransom in order to retrieve your data back, but of course even you pay the ransom, nobody guarantee that you will actually get your data back.
All these threats are happening every day and anyone can be a victim, even an IT professional can be a victim, but it is usually an employee who is not familiar with IT technology, somebody who is using the Internet only for personal entertainment for example, or only for social media (these people are sometimes referred an average users
But what can a company do to prevent these kind of threats?
Well one of the first steps is to educate its employees, by organizing a security awareness training. A security awareness training is an educational program (or a course) which goal is to educate people about common Internet threats and attacks, so they could recognize one if they ever come across it. There are many variation of security awareness trainings, but the most common things they teach you about are usually common threats like phishing and social engineering, password security, data classification, physical security, and similar.After this training, people are ready to browse the Internet and send emails more safely, they will have a knowledge to recognize a fake (spam) email and Internet threats, they will understand the importance of creating a strong and unique password and also what they can do to protect themselves and the others.
It is important to mention that the purpose of these trainings is not to teach how to use any specific software tool or to teach you computer programming, or even how to become cybersecurity expert, but to give you a knowledge for a better understanding Internet threats and how to prevent or avoid them. Remember, taking basic steps toward securing yourself from the Internet threats, will not protect only you, but the people around you, too.
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